What is malnutrition?
- Malnutrition essentially means “bad nourishment”. It concerns not enough as well as too much food, the wrong types of food, or the inability to use nutrients properly to maintain health.
- The World Health Organization cites malnutrition as the greatest single threat to the world's public health.
- Malnutrition in all its forms is a considerable public health concern and is associated with increases risk of disease and early death.
- In 2006, more than 36 million people died of hunger or diseases due to deficiencies in micronutrients; accounted for 58% of the total mortality in the same year.
- Under nutrition contributes to almost 35% of the estimated 7.6 million deaths under-5 deaths; consequently affecting the future health and socioeconomic development and productive potential of the society.
- The malnourished are unable to live a normal life, are less likely to fulfill their potential as human beings and cannot contribute fully to the development of their own countries.
- Malnutrition comprises both;
- Under nutrition is depletion of energy (calories) resulting form insufficient food intake over an extended period of time.
- In extreme cases under-nutrition is called Starvation. While Famine is severe food shortage of a whole community.
- Specific Deficiency is the pathological state resulting form a deficiency of an individual nutrient such as vitamin A deficiency, iodine deficiency. Over nutrition:
- Many tend to think malnutrition only in terms of hunger, however, overeating is also a contributing factor.
- “Over nutrition is the pathological state resulting from the consumption of excessive quantity of food over an extended period of time”.
- Overweight and obesity are very common conditions in developed society and are becoming more common in developing societies and those in transition.
- Despite the fact that the world already produces enough food to feed everyone — 6 billion people — and could feed the double — 12 billion people.
- There were 925 million undernourished people in the world in 2010, an increase of 80 million since 1990.
- Nearly 17% of people in the developing world are undernourished.
- This is one side of picture. 2 out of 3 overweight and obese people now live in developed countries, the vast majority in emerging markets and transition economies.
- By 2010, more obese people will live in developing countries than in the developed world.
- Under-and over-nutrition problems and diet-related chronic diseases account for more than half of the world's diseases and hundreds of millions of dollars in public expenditure.
- Provide nutritious food- SHUDDHA AHAR YOJNA (SAY)
- There are many people below poverty line in Indian villages and there for people suffering from malnutrition is also more.
- We are fuctioning for providing nutritious food packets to village schools so that we may save their upcoming generations from disease due to malnutrition.
- Estimated cost Rs. 300000 ( 6000 USD) per school (1000 child). We wish to do 12 monthly programmes in this year.
GLOBAL BURDEN OF MALNUTRITION
PEOPLE AT RISK
Although the under nutrition affects all age groups; however the most vulnerable groups are pregnant women, lactating women and young children, mainly because they have a relatively greater nutritional requirements and are more susceptible to the harmful consequences of deficiencies. Under nutrition affects all age groups, but it is especially common among the poor and those with inadequate access to health education and to clean water and good sanitation.
Under nutrition and malnutrition are widespread problem of poverty and deprivation that affects millions of people, perhaps the majority, in developing countries. The poor, the hungry and the malnourished are unable to live a normal life, are less likely to fulfill their potential as human beings and cannot contribute fully to the development of their own countries. Political actions, more than political will, to implement well conceived policies and programs at the national level, while simultaneously acting internationally, can serve to greatly reduce nutrition problems worldwide.
ARHAM FOUNDATION PROGRAMMES FOR MALNUTRITION
Guidance to the people
Still people are not aware about their regular food habits and always involved in junk food and so that is the reason for over nutrition/obesity Village people are so poor that they do not get enough food and that is the reason for starvation-under nutrition. We are organizing seminars for malnutrition eradication and make aware the people.
Estimated cost Rs. 100000 (1800 USD) per seminar.
Regular health check up
We organize regular health checkups in rural as well as urban areas so that people can be aware about their health and they can improve their health condition.